This video provides a diagrammatic representation of the description of the structure of the heavens found in AC 4286.2-4 & 4292.2-4. The relevant readings are provided below the video, and you can Click Here to Download the PDF of the Diagram
Arcana Coelestia 4266.2-4Read More
 It is well known that there are three heavens – the inmost heaven, the middle heaven, and the ultimate heaven, or what amounts to the same, the third, second, and first heavens. The inmost or third heaven is celestial, the angels there being called celestial because they are governed by love to the Lord and as a consequence are the ones most closely linked to the Lord. And that being so they excel all other angels in wisdom. They are innocent and are for that reason called embodiments of innocence and wisdom. These angels are divided into internal and external, the internal being more celestial than the external. The middle or second heaven is spiritual, the angels there being called spiritual because they are governed by charity towards the neighbour, that is, by mutual love, the nature of which is such that one angel loves another more than himself. And because their nature is such, intelligence is present within them and for that reason they are called embodiments of intelligence. These angels too are divided into internal and external, the internal being more spiritual than the external. But the ultimate or first heaven is also celestial and spiritual, though not in the same degree as the previous ones; for the natural is closely associated with them, and so for that reason they are called celestial-natural and spiritual-natural. They too are governed by mutual love, but they do not love others more than themselves, only as themselves. What governs them is an affection for good and a knowledge of truth. They also are divided into internal and external.
 But what the celestial-spiritual is must also be stated briefly. The term celestial-spiritual applies to those who have been called spiritual immediately above and who are in the middle or second heaven. They are given the name celestial because of their mutual love, and spiritual because of their intelligence arising out of this. The internal members of that heaven are represented by Joseph, and also in the Word are actually called ‘Joseph’, whereas its external members are represented by Israel, and also in the Word are actually called ‘Israel’. The former, namely the internal members who are called Joseph, partake of the rational, whereas the external members who are called Israel partake of the natural, for they are half-way between the rational and the natural. These are the reasons why it has been said that ‘Israel’ is the celestial-spiritual man within the natural man, and so is the natural man, and that ‘Joseph’ is the celestial-spiritual man proper, which is the rational man. For in the universal sense all good which flows from love and charity is called celestial, and all truth which derives from this and constitutes faith and intelligence is referred to as spiritual.
 These things have been stated so that people may know what is meant by ‘Israel’. But by ‘Israel’ the Lord’s Divine celestial-spiritual is meant in the highest sense, whereas the Lord’s spiritual kingdom in heaven and on earth is meant in the internal sense. The Lord’s spiritual kingdom on earth is the Church, which is called the spiritual Church. And as ‘Israel’ means the Lord’s spiritual kingdom, ‘Israel’ also means the spiritual man, for the Lord’s kingdom exists within all who are spiritual, since each is heaven and also the Church in the smallest form these can take, 4279. As for Jacob, in the highest sense he represents the Lord’s natural, both His celestial-natural and His spiritual-natural, and in the internal sense the Lord’s kingdom as it exists in the ultimate or first heaven, and so also the corresponding area of the Church. Good within the natural is that which is called celestial here, and truth within it that which is called spiritual. From all this one may see what ‘Israel’ and ‘Jacob’ mean in the Word, and also why Jacob received the name Israel.
Arcana Coelestia 4292.2-4Read More
 The implications of this particular matter – the inability of [the descendants on Jacob to play the representative part, except by virtue of the new nature imparted to them, meant by ‘Israel’ – are as follows: It was specifically Jacob’s descendants who were to represent the Church but not specifically Isaac’s since Isaac’s descended not only through Jacob but also through Esau. Still less was it specifically Abraham’s, for Abraham’s descended not only through Jacob but also through Esau, and likewise through Ishmael, as well as through his sons by his second wife Keturah, who were Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, Shuah, and the sons of these, see Gen. 25:1-4. Now because Jacob’s descendants insisted that they should be representative, as shown just above in 4290, they could not represent as Jacob, or as Isaac, or as Abraham. The reason why they could not do so as Jacob was that ‘Jacob’ represented the external aspect of the Church, but not the internal. And they could not do so as Isaac at the same time or as Abraham at the same time for the reason advanced immediately above.
 So that they could represent the Church therefore, a new name had inevitably to be given to Jacob, and through that name a new nature, which new nature was to be a sign of the internal spiritual man, or what amounts to the same, of the internal spiritual Church. That new nature is meant by ‘Israel’. Every Church of the Lord is internal and external, as has been shown several times already, the internal Church being that which is represented, the external that which represents. The internal Church is also either spiritual or else celestial, the internal spiritual Church being represented by ‘Israel’, but the internal celestial Church at a later time by ‘Judah’. Therefore a division also took place, and the Israelites became a kingdom on their own and the Jews another on their own. But these matters will in the Lord’s Divine mercy be discussed later on. From this it is evident that ‘Jacob’, that is, Jacob’s descendants, could not represent the Church as Jacob, for that would have been to represent solely the external aspect of the Church. They had to do so as Israel as well because ‘Israel’ is the internal aspect.
 It has been shown in various places already that it is the internal which is represented and the external which represents, as may also be seen in the human being. A person’s speech represents his thought, and a person’s action represents his will. Speech and action are the external aspects of the person, thought and will the internal. In addition the various looks seen on a person’s face represent both, that is to say, both his thought and his will. It is well known to everyone that the looks on a person’s face are representative, for the looks on the faces of people who are sincere enable their interior states to be seen. In short, every part of the body represents some facet of a person’s inclination (animus) and mind (mens).